Induced Contention Therapy and functional bandage in children with cerebral palsy: Case report
Induced Contention Therapy and functional bandage in children with cerebral paralysis: case report
Background: The decrease in the manual activity of hemiparetic children, affects their functionality and independence. Among the therapies used to improve manual function, there is Induced Contention Therapy (ICT) and functional bandaging (FB). Such approaches aim to improve the use and decrease the disuse learned from the upper limb in subjects with hemiparesis. Objective: Identify the effect of ICT, associated with the application of functional bandaging on the affected upper limb, in the function of the upper limb and on the handgrip of a child with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Methods: A 5-year-old child received ICT for three hours daily for three consecutive weeks associated with FB in the right upper limb. The use of the upper limb was evaluated using the Pediatric Upper Extremity Motor Activity Log (PMAL) scale, the acquisition of new motor standards using the Inventory of New Motor Activities and Program (INMAP) scale, the motor skill by the Pediatric Arm Functional Test (PAFT) and the handgrip strength by the dynamometer. Results: There was an improvement in the quantity and quality of use of the paretic upper limb after the application of ICT, which remained after one month of therapy. In addition, it was observed the acquisition of new motor skills and improvement in handgrip strength. Conclusion: This study had a potential positive effect on handgrip strength, functionality and quality of use of the paretic upper limb of a child with spastic CP after the application of ICT associated with functional bandaging.